Diet in Nutrition, Health and Fitness P1

Even before pregnancy, diet plays an essential role in preparing the female body for a normal and healthy birth. Vitamin D deficiency could cause pelvic deformation, where normal delivery of child would be difficult. Vitamin B12 deficiency could cause infertility and a history of dieting would deplete any nutrient reserves in the body, giving rise to infertility and reduction of nutrients for the foetus.A diet consists of nutrients. Nutrients are classed as macro, required in large quantities and micro, required in small quantities. Macro nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins and lipids (fats). Micro nutrients include vitamins and minerals. Another product essential for a diet is water. Water is required in large quantities to aid metabolism, which occurs in an aqueous environment.Bread, cereals and potatoes contain carbohydrates, non-starch polysaccharides (nsp), water, vitamins and minerals.It is important to have an appropriate amount in the diet for the following reasons:Carbohydrates provide energy, which is essential for all metabolic processes within the body, including mechanical movement, respiration, growth, repair, cell metabolism, DNA replication, vision, transport within the body and maintaining homeostasis (constant internal body equilibrium such as constant blood pressure, body temperature, breathing rate, pulse rate).Glucose (broken down from carbohydrates) is also required for brain cells and the central nervous system.NSP’s (fibre) are particularly important in a diet because they act as roughage or bulk. The nsp’s are not digestible and therefore pass straight through the digestive system. However, because of the increase in the bulk of food, it passes through the system more quickly than if nsp’s were not digested. NSP’s ensure food is not left in contact with the gut lining for prolonged periods of time, which could have serious health effects, including cancer.Meat, fish, pulses contain protein, water, minerals and vitamins, nsp’s (in pulses) and lipids.Proteins exist in two states, fibrous and globular.Fibrous proteins have a structural role, eg tendons, ligaments, hair, growth and structure. Globular proteins function as enzymes which allows cell metabolism to occur, help in our immune system by producing antibodies to fight diseases and aid transport, both intra and extra cellular. They also work as hormones, and for growth and repair of body tissues and in blood clotting. Too much protein in our diet is removed as waste material; too little protein in our diet could result in muscle wasting and such diseases as marasmus and kwashiorkor.Protein constitutes 12-18% of the body’s mass.Milk and dairy products contain protein, lipids, water, vitamins and minerals.Fat and sugar contain carbohydrates, water, lipids, minerals and vitamins.Lipids are broken down into glycerol (a further source of glucose) and fatty acids, including essential fatty acids.The essential fatty acids are components of the body’s cells, especially in the formation of cell membranes. Lack of fatty acids can affect blood pressure, blood clotting and homeostasis. Excess fat, however, can be stored in the body in adipose tissues and possibly result in obesity and related health problems. Although, much obesity is the result of certain gene deficiency, which will be discussed in more detail in a further article.Lipids provide concentrated energy and can be stored for future use. Fat can store and transport fat-soluble vitamins, A, D, E, K. Lipids are the building blocks for cells and signalling molecules. The myelin sheath surrounding neurons is composed of lipid. Ingestion of lipids also reduces hunger pangs over a long period.Fruit and vegetables contain carbohydrates, nsp’s, vitamins and minerals. They are a very important source of nsp’s, especially when the skins of the vegetables or fruits are eaten. NSP’s are crucial in a diet for the reasons mentioned under bread, cereals and potatoes.Vitamins are organic compounds which occur as fat soluble and water soluble. They are important for signalling, such as gene coding and as antioxidants, which mop up free radicals (random free electrons) thus preventing many diseases such as cancer. The free radicals can enter the diet by ingestion with food or from environmental pollutants.Minerals are a group of inorganic chemical elements which are components of cells and tissue, used in homeostasis, communication between cells and are part of important molecules, including some hormones.Water is required for all metabolic processes, which occur in an aqueous environment. Processing of the food starts in the mouth, with teeth used for cutting, tearing, chewing and grinding the material into smaller particles in readiness for digestion.However, the process of digestion begins long before food enters the mouth. The anticipation, smell and look of food causes the brain to initiate the release of hormones, causing hunger pangs and the release of saliva to start the digestive process.Food is processed by Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption and Elimination.The alimentary canal is one long tube from mouth to anus.Our food is processed into smaller pieces by the teeth and mixed with saliva from the salivary glands, which moisten the food for easier transport and contains enzymes which start to break down carbohydrates. The food (bolus) is transported down the oesophagus by peristalsis (a rhythmic, muscular motion).The bolus enters the stomach and mixes with further enzymes, from the stomach, pancreas and liver, which break down carbohydrates further to smaller sugar molecules; proteins are broken down into smaller peptide chains. Hydrochloric acid is produced by the stomach to breakdown proteins and kills any undesirable micro-organisms.This mixture (chyme) enters the small intestine, where lipids are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol, proteins are broken down into amino acids; disaccharides are broken down into glucose. Absorption generally occurs in the small intestine. The glucose and amino acids are transported through the villi and micro-villi of the small intestine’s epithelium into blood capillaries. Fatty acids and glycerol are transported through the villi and micro-villi to the lacteals, which transport them, via the lymph system, to the blood vessels.The digested material enters the colon. The material is quite fluid and water is absorbed through the epithelial wall of the colon. Symbiotic, microbial activity takes place anaerobically in the colon. The bacteria complete the digestion of any salvageable material. Some bacteria synthesise vitamins which, with any existing minerals, are absorbed by the colon into the blood system. Gas (hydrogen, carbon dioxide and methane) are produced by the bacteria, which is emitted as wind. The waste is eliminated as faeces, which is composed of fibre, dead and alive bacteria, epithelial cells from the gastrointestinal tract, fatty acids and mucus from the colon lining.Ahh! The smell of food, the look and finally the taste. We start to feel hungry, saliva builds up in the mouth in readiness for the first part of the digestive process – ingestion. And so begins food’s journey from mouth to anus; the breakdown and assimilation of nutrients for health and fitness. As William Shakespeare penned in Macbeth “Now good digestion wait on appetite. And health on both!”

Beachbody Review – Leading Opportunity in Health and Fitness Industry

There is a full review on this online business opportunity below and make sure to read it to decide whether this is a good choice or not.How Does Beachbody Opportunity Works?The company was innovated with the success of the health and fitness industry, such that it is a great option as an online business opportunity for those interested to create another source of income. All interested members will be given a chance to become a Beachbody coach wherein your earning potential (as of 2009) can go as high as $723,000! As the health and fitness industry continues to do well, this makes this business opportunity even more attractive.Once you become a Beachbody coach, you are not left on your own though. Someone will facilitate in your training process and they will act as your mentor. The massive support group is therefore the key to the success of this business opportunity and its members.Core Values of the Company The reason why Beachbody has been successful so far is because of the fact that it observes key principles to maintain its standard of operation. These core values are as follows:• Treating people with respect and acting up with courage;
• Commitment to deliver services up to its promise;
• Always working on improving on every aspect of the business;
• Working with common sense and passion.Benefits of Beachbody ProductsThe company prides itself in delivering high quality weight loss and fitness products that have positioned it as one of the leaders in the industry. But what makes these products so effective? Below are just some of the reasons:• All products are created by a team of experts. These products are also tested for quality assurance before released into the market.
• The company adapts a realistic approach and goal in developing products to ensure real and achievable results.
• There is a variety of features available to make their products useful to as many customers as possible.
• Everyone in the company is involved in product development and manufacture to ensure that it is consistent with the core values of the company.
• It offers visible peer and customer support to ensure that feedback from customers are heard and taken into account.Making Money with BeachbodyThe company is best known for launching a $100 million advertising campaign that was focused on spreading the word about their products. Hence, all members can rest assured that the company is dedicated to expand their market reach, which will consequently benefit all of its members.Beachbody coaches are also able to earn up to 25% commission for every products sold. This is the direct method of earning from this business opportunity or you can also get involved in network marketing for additional stream of income.With all of the facts, it looks like Beachbody is a solid business. As with any business, the key to success is in your ability to market it to the masses. To learn how to do so, visit MLM Lead Gen Pros and get a copy of the CD Conquer The Internet Today! That will give you the best training and resources to grow your Beachbody Business fast and strong.

Massage Education

So what exactly is massage education? I began teaching in the industry in 1993 at the Utah College of Massage Therapy. The classroom size was anywhere from 24 to 48 people, and the instructors were highly qualified. The students got a great basic education and if they decided to stick around for an additional 300 hours or 400 hours, they left with a pretty darn good massage education. I was the deep tissue instructor there for three years, I passed on the savvy of Dr. Ida Rolf. In 10 sessions I taught them as much as I possibly could in that brief period of time and gave them a basic understanding of the work. As the deep tissue instructor, I realized that there was a huge misnomer about the work. For some unknown reason, people that come for massage education or continuing education think that deep tissue means continual deep pressure. Unfortunately, this is not true. Deep tissue work should access deep layers, but their tools should not always be angled steeply. Accessing the deep tissue first requires that the student use superficial angles to free fascia that is above the deeper layers. Yes, we work the origins and insertions and ischemic tissue. Oftentimes this creates a brief painful response in the patient. But, can this also be called energy healing? Of course, any time two biodynamic systems dance, there is an exchange of energy. Energy healing is nothing more than the transference of energy from one to another.Massage continuing education begins after the student’s foundation has been built. Continuing education in the massage field leaves a lot to be desired in my opinion. A massage education should give a student a wonderful set of tools to begin their journey as apprentices, so to speak. I know that this may feel a little bit callous, but in over two decades of work, having taught in three massage schools and having taught privately for 15 years, I do believe that there is room for improvement in the massage education field. A massage continuing education should give a student definitive tools in which to be successful in their chosen field, not just to satisfy some inane state requirements. Unfortunately, the majority of the massage therapist that I know, take continuing education only because they have to fulfill State requirements for licensure. If the student focused on a deep tissue therapy such as Rolfing or neuromuscular therapy, and they took the time that was necessary to master these deep tissue approaches to healing, they would more than likely be successful as massage therapists.One of the most powerful disciplines in massage education that a student can learn is cranial sacral therapy. Sometimes this is also spelled craniosacral therapy. Please don’t be confused by the spelling. Its the same brilliant work. Massage education should fulfill the needs of the students desire to be successful in their chosen field. It’s important when considering massage therapy education that the student understand that the more information, (which is time at their massage tables) that a student puts into their study, the deeper they will understand their discipline and its applications. So the focus of continuing education should be a deepening focus from the many disciplines that are available in our field. Please don’t make the mistake of thinking that your primary education at the first massage school that you attended would be enough for you to be successful as a massage therapist. A massage education doesn’t stop at your primary school, it continues throughout your career with the tools and insights that are gained through continuing education.